Biochemistry is the chemistry of biology, the application of the tools and concepts of chemistry to living systems.

Biochemists study such things as the structures and physical properties of biological molecules, including proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids; the mechanisms of enzyme action; the chemical regulation of metabolism; the chemistry of nutrition; the molecular basis of genetics (inheritance); the chemistry of vitamins; energy utilization in the cell; and the chemistry of the immune response.

A biochemistry profile focuses on important functions in the body, identifying whether certain substances are at a normal level.

  • The liver is vital for creating important hormones and proteins and breaking down toxic substances.
  • Calcium levels are important in nerve and muscle function, as well as being an important part of bone structure.
  • Kidney function is essential for removing the body’s waste products by filtering the blood.
  • Gout test is a measurement of uric acid, which can lead to painful inflammation of joints if it builds up.